Gum Disease

This is a bacterial infection brought about by gatherings of plaque in the mouth. The bacteria eats the gum tissue and the ligaments that hold the teeth in place. There are five confirmed stages of gum disease, which means that there is usually plenty of time and opportunities for patients to prevent its progress.

During the early phases of gingivitis and mild periodontitis, the symptoms can still be recovered with a good dental care routine and immediate treatment for any latent infections. Once the disease moves on to the third and fourth phases, it becomes much harder to treat, so give yourself the best possible chance and treat early.

As with cavities, anybody can develop gum disease. At present, over half of all adults in the India are believed to have some form of gum disease or infection. The most at risk individuals are those with poor dental hygiene, lapsed brushing and poor flossing techniques, and other serious health problems. For example, patients with diabetes are more vulnerable to developing constant gum infections.

If your gums bleed on more than one occasion, you need to consult a dentist. This is the main symptom of gingivitis. The dentist will perform a routine exam by gently probing at the pockets inside the gum tissue. If these pockets bleed or become painful, in response to touching, they are likely to be infected. You may need antibiotics to treat the condition.