This is a bacterial infection brought about by gatherings of plaque in the mouth. The bacteria eats the gum tissue and the ligaments that hold the teeth in place. There are five confirmed stages of gum disease, which means that there is usually plenty of time and opportunities for patients to prevent its progress.
During the early phases of gingivitis and mild periodontitis, the symptoms can still be recovered with a good dental care routine and immediate treatment for any latent infections. Once the disease moves on to the third and fourth phases, it becomes much harder to treat, so give yourself the best possible chance and treat early.